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The Queen Jadwiga Research Institute 
of Understanding

 

Director QJRIU. Prof. dr Zbigniew Leś

 

Prof. Zbigniew Leś born December 08, 1956 in Krosno – Polish Slavic Catholic scientist, artist and political activist. Founder and director of the Queen Jadwiga Foundation and St. Queen Jadwiga Research Institute of Understanding. Co-founder, with his wife Magdalena, of machine understanding - a new area of research aimed at building thinking and understanding machine. A pioneer in application of neural networks in aesthetic evaluation of the picture, founder of the Art&Science Gallery. Author of texts concerning philosophical aspects of human understanding and machine understanding. Included in ‘Who is Who in the World’ in the years 2003, 2005 and 2007. Member of IEEE.

Biography

Zbigniew Leś was born in Krosno where he is studied at the Technical High School of Oil Mining. Childhood spend in Wietrzno, ancient Slavic stronghold ‘Grodzisko’, place of his ancestors and place where the first oil fields were discovered by Ignacy Łukasiewicz. He is alumnus of both AGH University of Science and Technology (M.Sc. and Ph.D.), Poland and the University of Melbourne (M.Sc.), Australia. He also did postgraduate courses in computer science at the University of Silesia, and advanced mathematical methods and film art at the Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland. He worked at the University of Silesia where he carried out research on applications computers in education and building mineral recognition system in PROLOG, toward his Ph.D. at AGH University of Science and Technology.  He was member of Solidarity at university persecuted in Poland for his political activities. After voting against a communist candidate for the Rector of the University of Silesia during the special Solidarity meeting he was forced to live Poland. In Australia, he has conducted research at the University of Melbourne aiming at developing a method of aesthetic evaluation based on an image understanding approach and the development of educational system for teaching of statistics (implemented in C++).

Currently he with his wife Magdalena is conducting research on machine understanding (MU), a new area of research initiated by Les & Les in the newly established St. Queen Jadwiga Research of Understanding and preparing forth book ‘SUS: machine perception in machine understanding’ for Springer. One of the aims of this new area of research is development of the Shape Understanding System (SUS), implemented in C++, which is the first attempt to build a system with visual thinking capabilities. He is founder and director of the Queen Jadwiga Foundation and St. Queen Jadwiga Research Institute of Understanding. Program of activities of QJF is based on inspiration of the work and life of its Patron St. Jadwiga Queen of Poland. He is also founder of the QJF Art&Science Gallery and QJF Press that is dedicated to publish unique books of high artistic quality. He is founder and editor of the International Journal of Understanding and QJF Bulletin published by QJF Press. As the director of QJF he initiated collaboration with St. Jadwiga’s Queen Family of Schools, aimed at elaboration of a new educational program based on strong relation of learning at school with the traditional values of Polish culture. Within this program new forms of activities were developed, such as ‘St. Jadwiga Queen little pearl’ or ‘the Queen of the Year meets with children from an orphanage’. He is the author of more than sixty scientific papers and three scientific books. Several times he has been a member of the Program Committee of the international conferences (SIP, CG). He was included in ‘Who is Who in the World’ in the years 2003, 2005 and 2007. He is also a political activist and he intends to run for president in the next Polish presidential elections.

Scientific Activity

Prof. Leś is founder and director of St. Queen Jadwiga Research Institute of Understanding (SQJRIU). SQJRIU is aimed at carrying out research concerning all aspects of understanding. One of the aims of the research carried out in the Queen Jadwiga Research Institute of Understanding is to design and build the understanding/thinking machine that will be able to imitate the way in which we think and solve problems. He and his collaborator Magdalena Les are founders of the new area of research – machine understanding (MU). In comparison to [[AI]], machine understanding is focused on problem solving based on understanding by machine (ROBOT) that is based on the very different approach proposed by Les & Les. Machine Understanding, in contrast to AI, is based on knowledge that is learned (knowledge implementation) imitating the learning at school. He is conducting research on developing of the Shape Understanding System (SUS), which is the first attempt to build a system with visual thinking capabilities.

He is an initiator of the QJF lectures focused on presenting the latest research concerning all aspects of understanding. Until now lectures were presented at the most renowned universities in Australia.

He has also conducted research at the University of Melbourne aiming at developing a method of aesthetic evaluation based on an image understanding approach. His research “Image Understanding and Aesthetic Evaluation” was the first attempt in the world to utilize the neural networks in aesthetic evaluation.

Among the projects developed by him, is the designing and implementation of the system of mineral understanding ‘Domeyko’ and the system ‘LUMEN’ for explaining the way of solving and understanding the algebra problems. He has also designed and implemented in PROLOG the system of mineral recognition (at the University of Silesia), the system for solving statistical problems and educational system for teaching of statistics (at the University of Melbourne).

He was also involved in the projects on demography (ARC grant) at Monash University (development of forecasting demographic model, diversity index), application of the understanding approach in automotive robots (Monash University) and educational project at Victorian Government.

He is founder and editor of the International Journal of Understanding. He is the author of more than sixty scientific papers and three scientific books. Several times he has been a member of the Program Committees of the international conferences (SIP, CG).

Artistic Activity

Zbigniew Leś is founder of the QJF Art&Science Gallery that is based on an artistic program comprising three thematic strands: 1. Masterpieces as signs, 2. Works of art as a result of systematic investigations, and 3. Scientific beauty of the expanded visual field where the source of the aesthetic inspiration might be found not only in the world of our common existence but also, due to the expansion of our scale of perception, in the ’micro-macro’ world. His interest in fine art started in Poland with pioneering explorations of the utilization of scientific visual information (micro-macro world) in artistic works. His artistic works have been presented at exhibitions in Cracow and Melbourne.

He was also founder and artistic director of the music group ‘Algol’, performing in the student club in Cracow. He is also a composer and author of poetry mostly dedicated to St. Jadwiga Queen of Poland. He is also working on the opera ‘Queen Jadwiga’ which will be based on utilization of the new signal processing method in sound producing.

He is founder of the QJF Press that is dedicated to publish unique books of high artistic quality and QJF Bulletin. Until now four books were published, co-authored by wife Magdalena.

He was a member of the student film group OMAK at AGH University of Science and Technology and the director of a short film. The activity of the OMAK group was suspended after 13 December (Martial State).

Political Activity

Zbigniew Leś was a political activist during his study at AGH University of Science and Technology in the darkness of the communist era of PRL. He was organizer of the student strike, protests and anti-communists manifestation. During peaceful manifestation on 13 May on the old Market Square in Cracow he was injured by ZOMO and many times halted by the militia (police) for his political activities. He was a member of Solidarity at [[the University of Silesia]] and strongly opposed the round table agreement. He was persecuted in Poland for his political activities (deprived the big European grant received for doing the very new computer based research). After voting against a communist candidate for the Rector of the University of Silesia during the special Solidarity meeting he was forced to live Poland. In Australia he was persecuted for protesting against not recognition a degree from the best Polish universities by Australian government. He is promoting a very disadvantageous group of people in Poland and abroad (Polish-Slavic-Catholics) in getting the higher position in Polish government and Polish universities as well as proper development of devastated Polish region Podkarpacie. He is persecuted in Poland for his political activities (he never received any state award, and is deprived payment and good working conditions).

 

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